collectif, Jérôme Knebusch
Gotico-Antiqua, proto-romain, hybride – Caractères du XVe siècle entre gothique et romain
Gotico-Antiqua, proto-romain, hybride – Caractères du XVe siècle entre gothique et romain – The first comprehensive and in-depth scientific study of typefaces created in Germany, Italy and France between 1459 and 1482, which are neither fully Gothic nor Roman: led by the Atelier national de recherche typographique, this project allows the rehabilitation of about fifteen typefaces initiated during workshops in international art and design schools, the constitution of a corpus gathering and organizing the most representative typefaces as well as the comparative analysis of the typefaces, from their possible paleographic origins to their contexts of use (places, printers, editions).
The book brings together scholars in the field of typography, palaeography and book history, with a focus on typefaces and letterforms. The relatively unexplored period – after Gutenberg and before the stabilisation of the Jenson model – ranges from the first traces of humanistic tendencies to the ‘pure’ Romans, via numerous cases of uncertain designs, deliberate hybridisations and proto- or archaic forms of the Roman. In 1459 in Mainz, Johann Fust and Peter Schöffer printed William Durand’s Rationale Divinorum Officiorum, using a typeface (known today as ‘Durandus’) that was unlike any previous one. From here we can follow a wide variety of developments, in part relating to the travels of the early printers from the Rhine region to Italy and France. By extension, the private press movement initiated by William Morris and Emery Walker in late 19th century England revived some of these typefaces before they were forgotten.